Clinical Ethics In Healthcare Paper
Thousands of people voluntarily enroll in clinical drug trials every year. They are putting their health and safety at risk by participating in a drug trial. One would think they would be doing this to promote medical advancement, but in all actuality, it is for the high dollar amounts they receive for compensation. Clinical Ethics In Healthcare Paper People that frequently enroll in drug trials are often called “guinea pigs.” The monetary amount people are paid can go as high seventy-five hundred dollars. The more invasive the procedure is the higher the compensation. These “Guinea pigs” are required to pay taxes on the money they do make. (Elliott, 2008)
Reasons for Drug Trials
Clinical trials are designed to test the safety and efficiency of potential interventions in humans. Trials of treatments, prevention modalities, medical devices, and other interventions are the fastest, safest, and best way to determine the failure or success of the product being tested. Clinical Ethics In Healthcare Paper Treatment trials are experimental treatments. They test new drugs, new combinations of drugs; as well as, approaches to surgery and/or radiation therapy. This is the fastest way to discover the possible therapeutic options. Prevention trials test medicines, vaccines, vitamins, or lifestyle changes.
History of drug Trials
The largest drug-testing site, a 675-bed motel in Miami-Dade County, Florida was demolished in 2006. The participants were undocumented immigrants who were paid minute amounts as compensation. Conditions at the site were deplorable and the living conditions were repulsive. The paint was peeling from the ceilings and half a dozen, or more, individuals were forced to endure their trials in one room.
In the medical field, there are many tricky ethical situations in which the correct moral decision a physician should make in regards to a patient may not be clear. An example of this is a physician deciding to tell the family of a young boy who is dying and needs a kidney transplant that his father is a direct tissue match despite the father’s requests to not share this information with the family. Ethicists of the three branches of bioethics: Kantian, utilitarian, and virtue would all have distinct views on the morally correct decision that this physician should make. Clinical Ethics In Healthcare Paper
Kantian ethicists would believe that it is wrong for the physician to hold this information from the family, but there would be some disagreement between Kanitans on whether the doctor should recommend that the father serve as an organ donor for his son in the first place. A Kantian would apply the universalizability law to test the morality of allowing physicians to lie to, or withhold information from, their patients by considering what would happen if this rule were applied to every context (Pence 6). One of the many situations that this maxim would be viewed as morally wrong would be the case of a physician lying to a patient so that he does not get sued for making a mistake. To a Kantian, the deception of this rule would eradicate the physician-patient interaction, one of the core principles of medicine, and this contradiction would make this act immoral (Pence 7). Clinical Ethics In Healthcare Paper
The basic rights of human beings, such as concern for personal dignity, are always of great importance. During illness, however, these rights are extremely vital and must be protected. Therefore, healthcare providers should make an effort to assure that these rights are preserved for their patients. Likewise, health care providers have the right to expect reasonable and responsible behavior on the part of our patients, their relatives, and friends. This is where the patient’s bill of rights comes into play.
The Patient\\\\\\’s Bill of Rights was first adopted by the American Hospital Association (AHA) in 1973 and revised in October 1992. Patient rights were developed with the expectation that it would …show more content… Clinical Ethics In Healthcare Paper
1. Protect the confidentiality of the patient’s information and records by storing them in a safe and secure place
2. Avoid discussing personal information with others without the signed consent of the patient.
Review of Records
1. On request, allow the patient access to their medical record.
2. Identify the person making the request to ensure that the information is not mistakenly disclosed to another individual.
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