Contributions To I/O Psychology Essay

Contributions To I/O Psychology Essay

Contributions To I/O Psychology Essay

In this assignment, you will investigate the significant role of each founding father of industrial/organizational psychology, as well as come to understand the important role that industrial/organizational psychologists play as both researcher and practitioner and the importance of research and statistics in the field..Contributions To I/O Psychology Essay

Complete the Contributions to I/O Psychology worksheet.

Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper comparing the dual roles of scientist and practitioner that I/O psychologists play. Include the following in your response:

  • Specific examples of how research advances the field
  • Ethical considerations when conducting this research
  • Descriptions of at least two statistical methods used by I/O psychologists, as well as how they are used.Contributions To I/O Psychology Essay

Throughout history, many people have made amazing contributions to the school of psychology. One of these was Jean Piaget and his theories on the cognitive development stages. Jean Piaget was born in Neuchatel, Switzerland. Here he studied at the university and received a doctorate in biology at the age of 22. Following his schooling he became increasingly interested in psychology and began much research and studying of the subject. From this research Piaget created a broad theoretical system for the development of cognitive abilities. His work, in this way, was much like that of Sigmund Freud, but Piaget emphasized the ways that children think and acquire knowledge. Piaget referred to his theory as genetic epistemology. This is …show more content…

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The first stage that Piaget felt all children go through was the sensorimotor stage..Contributions To I/O Psychology Essay This stage occurs between birth and two years of age. This is the stage when Infants begin to learn through sensory observation, and they gain control of their motor functions through activity, exploration and manipulation of the environment. (Furth 29) From birth, biology and experience work together to produce learned behavior. As infants become more mobile, one action is built upon another action, forming new and more complex actions. Infants’ spatial, visual, and tactile worlds expand during this period in which children actively interact with their environment and use previously learned behaviors. The critical achievement of this period is the development of object permanence. This is the indication that a child has the ability to understand that objects have an existence independent of the child’s involvement with them. Infants learn to differentiate themselves from the world and are able to maintain a mental image of an object, even when it is not present and visible.(Rotman 40) At about 18 months, infants begin to develop mental symbols and to use words.Contributions To I/O Psychology Essay

 

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