How Community Health Nurses Can Support Vulnerable Populations

How Community Health Nurses Can Support Vulnerable Populations Essay Paper

How Community Health Nurses Can Support Vulnerable Populations Essay Paper

Reflection Journal: Learning From the Community

We often consider how community health nurses can support vulnerable populations. For this self-reflection, consider what unique assets or perspectives vulnerable populations can provide to nurses. Reflect on how you, as a professional nurse, hope to improve individual and social factors that contribute to vulnerability in populations. What public policies may affect these vulnerable populations? How Community Health Nurses Can Support Vulnerable Populations Essay Paper

Guidelines for Submission: When writing journal assignments, include evidence-based sources as well as your own reflections on the topic. Use APA formatting for references and in-text citations. Submit journal assignment as a Word document.

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Stanhope and Lancaster (2008) define vulnerable populations as “those defined at a greater risk for poor health status and health care access”(p.712). The role of a public health nurse in contrast to a vulnerable population is to establish interventions to help break the cycle of vulnerability thus aiding to eliminate health disparities within the population. The term “risk” helps public health nurses establish a person probability of something happening to them. This epidemiological term is used with the triangle of host, agent and environment in contrast to ones health within a population.How Community Health Nurses Can Support Vulnerable Populations Essay Paper The author will discuss vulnerability as discovered within a community based on surveying the community and establishing risk and interventions 

These vulnerable populations according to Shi and Stevens (2005) experience disparities in access to care and have poorer health status than the population as a whole. Along with risks that these vulnerable populations are linked to, there are non-modifiable risk factors as well, called risk markers. These risk markers are characteristics that help I screening variables that mat be associated with poor health but not directly cause morbidity or mortality. An example of this can be race or sex. Healthy People 2010 has stated one if their goals includes the elimination of health disparities in the nation. They aim to overcome this by implementing state health initiatives that guide systematic approaches to help eliminate health disparities that disadvantaged and underserved populations face. Public health nurses, who work with vulnerable populations, can help with this mission by providing outreach, and assessing communities risk factors and exposures. For example, holding health fairs to increase the communities’ awareness of certain health issues with resources available to the population.the past, caregivers journeyed on horseback to the homes of their neighbors to provide medical services. These caregivers were crucial to reducing the mortality rates in their communities. After the civil war, hospitals were built. This began the implementation of organized healthcare. Today, nurses practice in a variety of settings and community health is again re-emerging as an integral part of providing care to everyone.How Community Health Nurses Can Support Vulnerable Populations Essay Paper

What Is Community Health Nursing?
Community health nursing is a discipline that incorporates evidenced-based research along with advances in science and new approaches for improving the health The practice takes into consideration the cultural and socioeconomic backgrounds of the people in the community to ensure appropriate interaction and sensitivity when working with them.

A community is a group of people in a specific location, which includes places where people live, work and go to school. Most people belong to multiple types of communities. Community health nursing is commonly practiced in geographic locations like cities and rural areas.How Community Health Nurses Can Support Vulnerable Populations Essay Paper

What Is the Goal of Community Health Nursing?
The goal of community health nursing is to promote, protect and preserve the health of the public. Community health nursing involves these basic concepts:

Promote healthy lifestyle
Prevent disease and health problems
Provide direct care
Educate community about managing chronic conditions and making healthy choices
Evaluate a community’s delivery of patient care and wellness projects
Institute health and wellness programs
Conduct research to improve healthcare
What Is the Role of a Community Health Nurse?
The primary role of community health nurses is to provide treatment to patients. Additionally, community health nurses offer education to community members about maintaining their health so that they can decrease the occurrence of diseases and deaths. They plan educational assemblies, hand -out fliers, conduct health screenings, dispense medications and administer immunizations.How Community Health Nurses Can Support Vulnerable Populations Essay Paper

Nurses also may distribute health-related items like condoms and pregnancy tests. Examples of some health issues that community health nurses try to control or eliminate are:

Infectious and sexually transmitted diseases
Poor nutrition
Substance abuse
Teen pregnancy
Where Do Community Health Nurses Work?
Community health nurses work in hospitals, community centers, clinics, schools and government health agencies. Community health nurses are important to regions where healthcare is not easily accessible, so they can travel to remote places and isolated areas of a city.How Community Health Nurses Can Support Vulnerable Populations Essay Paper

How Do You Become a Community Health Nurse?
To become a community health nurse you must first work as a registered nurse. If you only have an associate degree you might want to consider completing a Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) degree program. Many schools like Northeastern State University (NSU) offer RN to BSN programs.

NSU has an online RN to BSN program that includes the course Community Health Nursing. This course examines the theory and research used in nursing and the public health practice, which promotes and preserves the health of communities. Students are given the opportunity to apply their current knowledge and what they learn in the course. They are paired with a community and other healthcare professionals to experience community health nursing.How Community Health Nurses Can Support Vulnerable Populations Essay Paper

Nursing care should be available to every American. Throughout the country, there are entire communities of people prone to chronic illnesses, infectious diseases and economic hardships. Community health nurses have the ability to improve the welfare of individuals and their communities. They are at the forefront of bringing quality patient care to the most vulnerable and underserved members of society.


These nurses play a crucial role in community health education which is the process of promoting health and disease prevention within the community. Apart from providing affordable treatment, community health nurses participate actively in educating the community where they serve on health issues that enable them to live in healthier way and environment to prevent diseases.

The training for community nursing also helps the nurses to run health education programs. They learn how to implement education and preventative measures for the wellbeing of urban and rural communities.These nurses succeed because they circulate through communities interacting directly with the members and provide health education by employing these strategies:How Community Health Nurses Can Support Vulnerable Populations Essay Paper

Community Health Nurse Home Visits

Community health nurses visit homes to provide care and health education to the ill on disease management and palliative care. They use this opportunity to learn the lifestyle of their patients and educate them on better living to improve their health. The advice and treatment help in keeping patients from hospital admissions thus reducing overcrowding as well as medical bills.

Community Health Nurse Health Education Programs

One responsibility of community health nurses is to organize educational programs that promote an active lifestyle with members of the community. They host training sessions with enjoyable, safe and efficient activities. Participants in health education programs benefit from learning to improve their health, control their weight, decrease stress levels and reducing the risk of chronic illnesses. These programs often address lifestyle modifications such as exercising, diet, managing medications planning on the best ways to deal with chronic diseases.How Community Health Nurses Can Support Vulnerable Populations Essay Paper

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Health Education to Vulnerable Groups

By working with a particular population, community health nurses know the underprivileged members of the society and provide personalized health education. They promote wellness among the old living with terminal illnesses, physically challenged, children with acute illnesses and evictions of domestic violence. The health education for groups focuses on educating them to overcome stress or inferiority complex due to their condition, informing them of possible solutions and referring them to best specialists for their conditions. Nurses also promote healthier living by teaching the underprivileged on choosing healthier low-cost foods, general wellness, disease prevention and fitness techniques.How Community Health Nurses Can Support Vulnerable Populations Essay Paper

Community Health Nurse Education to Mothers

The nearest healthcare professionals to expectant and new mothers who require much assistance are community health nurses. They provide health education on nutrition, infant development, and self-care to pregnant women. They also run child birth classes, postnatal care and organize referrals for pregnant care.

Community health nurses also educate new mothers on issues relating to their health and that of their newborn infants. They educate the parents on immunization, breastfeeding, assessing growth, typical child behaviors and identifying symptoms.How Community Health Nurses Can Support Vulnerable Populations Essay Paper

Community Health Nurse Preventive Health Education

Many community health nurses take the initiative to organize health education programs designed to prevent a broad range of health issues. It involves educating their communities about risk factors at the local facilities, such as community clinics, meeting halls, and schools.

Prevention methods also include distributing information booklets on certain health issues or spreading the word through other media on the common practice to stop progress. For example, community health nurses may educate the population on the importance of getting vaccinations for protection against contagious infections.How Community Health Nurses Can Support Vulnerable Populations Essay Paper

During outbreaks of infectious diseases, they organize with local authorities about the methods and items necessary for preventing further spread and educating the public on how to practice the preventive measures.

Community health nurses are instrumental in health education as they spend most of their time working with the local population. Their interaction enables them to identify the cause of common health problems and the people at higher risk to provide targeted health education that provides practical solutions. How Community Health Nurses Can Support Vulnerable Populations Essay Paper

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