Impacts of rehabilitation on recidivism


Institutional Affiliation


Impacts of rehabilitation on recidivism

It is generally acknowledged that individuals with mental illness (PMI) are over- embodied in the justice system. One of the utmost worries to mental health experts working with criminals with mental illness (OMI) is the discovery that PMIs have been imprisoned at excessively increasing levels over the last decade. Actually, America has three times more persons with acute mental ailments in penitentiaries than in psychiatric hospices. (Tadros, E. (2021). With these changes in residency of PMI, rehabilitation and medication attempts for OMI have been incapable of keeping in stride with the imprisonment rate on federal and states prison amenities.


Intensifying the issue, the criminal justice system was intended as a community safety scheme so, unsurprisingly, fewer capitals are directed toward the specific rehabilitation and treatment prerequisites of OMI. As an outcome, numerous OMIs undergo augmented psychiatric signs, with most necessitating inpatient therapy for acute psychiatric indicators throughout incarceration. In fact, “treatment outcome research on OMI specifically is almost nonexistent”. (Morgan, R. D. (2020). Thereby, professionals assisting in the rehabilitation of OMI do so exclusive of appropriate effective data on which they center their procedures.

Consequently, professionals are seeking the most efficient reconstructive and treatment approaches for imprisoned OMI to mitigate suffering throughout confinement periods and consequently decrease psychiatric (revisit to hospital) and felonious recidivism (revisit to the justice system with fresh indictments or parole annulment) upon liberation to the society. Moreover, the prison and jail workforce are not coached to recognize the existence of mentally disordered persons, thereby establishing added blockade to offenders obtaining medication. These prisoners are then discharged back to society without acquiring the required integration strategies, which eventually results in them being reincarcerated.

Treatment plans try to tackle several requisites that are frequently neglected or inaccessible from a more multifaceted model needed for effeicient rehabilitation and treatment. “About three-quarters of all prisoners in the US have a history of substance abuse, and one in six suffers from mental illness. Despite these needs, fewer than one-third of the exiting inmates receive substance abuse to mental health treatment while in prison.” (Tadros, E. (2021). This absence of treatment results in augmented degrees of recidivism as the needs of the inmates are not met. Not only is this populace snowballing, but OMIs also have greater chances of recidivism, regularly as an outcome of failing under parole guardianship. OMIs represent aspects that distinguish them from the overall criminal populace, displaying enormous rehabilitation prerequisites and prison modifications complications.

Some of the challenges in rehabilitative programming include inadequate resources, where there are not enough health experts in numerous prisons. According to (Morgan, R. D. (2020),” working in the criminal justice system, numerous psychologists find themselves with enormous caseloads and they struggle not to get overawed by this surge.”. Another challenge is the core metaphysical variance concerning psychology, which is reconstructive in nature, and the justice system, currently verdict-centered. “Currently, there is such a focus on punishment-most criminal justice or correctional systems are punitive in nature, that it is difficult to develop effective rehabilitative programs” (Morgan, R. D. (2020). Finally, lack of training on the prison staff puts a barrier in rehabilitative endeavors.

Studies have indicated that programs successfully minimize recidivism when they are custom-made to an individual’s assess the threat of re-offense, tackle specific requirements contributing to felonious conduct, and use receptive attitudes to alter behavior. Some of the treatment methods known to assist in the reduction of recidivism include treatment for drug and cognitive-behavioral interventions.

Drug therapy programs have shown positive outcomes. The majority of researches have indicated that these treatment plans minimize the occurrence of criminal conduct and augment the span without crime for discharged convicts. Drug therapy also lessens the regularity and quantity of drug intake.

Cognitive-behavioral interferences – this treatment assists the inmates to identify the circumstances which trigger undesirable conduct and how to manage feelings and thoughts leading to said behavior. According to (Mpofu, E. (20180, this approach could help lawbreakers enhance ethical and critical rationality, self-control, social skills, impulse control, problem-solving, and are most efficient when they comprise organized social acquiring elements, where novel aptitudes, attitudes, and behaviors are constantly reinforced.



Morgan, R. D., Scanlon, F., & Van Horn, S. A. (2020). Criminogenic risk and mental health: A complicated relationship. CNS spectrums25(2), 237-244.

Mpofu, E., Athanasou, J. A., Rafe, C., & Belshaw, S. H. (2018). Cognitive-behavioral therapy efficacy for reducing recidivism rates of moderate-and high-risk sexual offenders: A scoping systematic literature review. International journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology62(1), 170-186.

Tadros, E. (2021). Treating mental illness and relational concerns in incarcerated settings. The Family Journal, 10664807211000083.