NURS 6501 Walden University Wk 2 Cellulitis Case Study

NURS 6501 Walden University Wk 2 Cellulitis Case Study

NURS 6501 Walden University Wk 2 Cellulitis Case Study

Module 1 Assignment: Case Study Analysis

An understanding of cells and cell behavior is a critically important component of disease diagnosis and treatment. But some diseases can be complex in nature, with a variety of factors and circumstances impacting their emergence and severity.

Effective disease analysis often requires an understanding that goes beyond isolated cell behavior. Genes, the environments in which cell processes operate, the impact of patient characteristics, and racial and ethnic variables all can have an important impact. NURS 6501 Walden University Wk 2 Cellulitis Case Study

An understanding of the signals and symptoms of alterations in cellular processes is a critical step in the diagnosis and treatment of many diseases. For APRNs, this understanding can also help educate patients and guide them through their treatment plans.

In this Assignment, you examine a case study and analyze the symptoms presented. You identify cell, gene, and/or process elements that may be factors in the diagnosis, and you explain the implications to patient health. NURS 6501 Walden University Wk 2 Cellulitis Case Study

To prepare:

By Day 1 of this week, you will be assigned to a specific case study for this Case Study Assignment. Please see the “Course Announcements” section of the classroom for your assignment from your Instructor.

Scenario 2: A 42-year-old man comes to clinic with chief complaint of pain, redness, and swelling of his right calf. He states that he had been working in his yard using a string trimmer when the trimmer slipped and cut his leg. He cleaned the wound with water from the garden hose and covered the wound with a large Band-Aid. Several days later, he developed fever to 100.6˚ F and chills and noticed that his leg was swollen and red. He comes to the emergency department for definitive care. NURS 6501 Walden University Wk 2 Cellulitis Case Study

DX: Cellulitis

The Assignment (1 to 2-page case study analysis)

  1. Develop a 1- to 2-page case study analysis in which you:
  2. Explain why you think the patient presented the symptoms described.
  3. Identify the genes that may be associated with the development of the disease.
  4. Explain the process of immunosuppression and the effect it has on body systems.

By Day 7 of Week 2

Submit your Case Study Analysis Assignment by Day 7 of Week 2.

Reminder: The College of Nursing requires that all papers submitted include a title page, introduction, summary, and references. The sample paper provided at the Walden Writing Center provides an example of those required elements (available at https://academicguides.waldenu.edu/writingcenter/templates). All papers submitted must use this formatting. NURS 6501 Walden University Wk 2 Cellulitis Case Study

Explain why you think the patient presented the symptoms described.

I think is a cellulitis base on the patient’s chief complaint and the signs and symptoms: Pain, redness, and swelling of his right calf, fever to 100.6˚ F and chills and leg was swollen and red. Cellulitis (sel-u-LIE-tis) is a common, potentially serious bacterial skin infection. The affected skin appears swollen and red and is typically painful and warm to the touch. Cellulitis usually affects the skin on the lower legs, but it can occur in the face, arms and other areas. It occurs when a crack or break in your skin allows bacteria to enter. NURS 6501 Walden University Wk 2 Cellulitis Case Study

Left untreated, the infection can spread to your lymph nodes and bloodstream and rapidly become life-threatening. ( https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cellulitis/symptoms-causes/syc-20370762) Also the explanation of how he ended up having those symptoms, he explained that he had been working in his yard using a string trimmer when the trimmer slipped and cut his leg. He cleaned the wound with water from the garden hose and covered the wound with a large Band-Aid. So he has a cut, an open area that he cleaned with water from the garden hose and covered with a band aid without even disinfecting the wound makes me think that he has an infection (Cellulitis).

References:

McCance, K. L. & Huether, S. E. (2019). Pathophysiology: The biologic basis for disease in adults and children (8th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby/ElsevierChapter 47-Page 1513

Week 2: Altered Physiology

With a place squarely in the spotlight for patients diagnosed with all manner of disease, APRNs must demonstrate not only support and compassion, but expertise to guide patients’ understanding of diagnoses and treatment plans. NURS 6501 Walden University Wk 2 Cellulitis Case Study

This expertise goes beyond an understanding of disease and sciences, such as cellular pathophysiology. APRNs must become experts in their patients, understanding their medical backgrounds, pertinent characteristics, and other variables that can be factors in their diagnoses and treatments.

This week, you examine alterations in the immune system and the resultant disease processes. You consider patient characteristics, including racial and ethnic variables, and the impact they have on altered physiology.

NURS 6501 Walden University Wk 2 Cellulitis Case Study Learning Objectives

Students will:

  • Evaluate cellular processes and alterations within cellular processes
  • Analyze alterations in the immune system that result in disease processes
  • Identify racial/ethnic variables that may impact physiological functioning
  • Evaluate the impact of patient characteristics on disorders and altered physiology