NURS 6630 Purdue Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Bipolar Therapy Case Discussion

NURS 6630 Purdue Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Bipolar Therapy Case Discussion

NURS 6630 Purdue Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Bipolar Therapy Case Discussion

Week 4 Assignment Case Study

Examine Case Study: An Asian American Woman. Diagnosis-Bipolar Disorder. You will be asked to make three decisions concerning the medication to prescribe to this patient. Be sure to consider factors that might impact the patient’s pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic processes.

At each decision point, consider all choices before selecting one and continuing on with the activity. Choose certain that you have thoroughly examined each alternative and that you have evaluated the selection that you will make. Make careful to conduct primary literature study on each choice.

Bipolar Therapy

Client of Korean Descent/Ancestry

BACKGROUND INFORMATION

The client is a 26-year-old woman of Korean descent who presents to her first appointment following a 21-day hospitalization for onset of acute mania. She was diagnosed with bipolar I disorder.

Upon arrival in your office, she is quite “busy,” playing with things on your desk and shifting from side to side in her chair. She informs you that “they said I was bipolar, I don’t believe that, do you? I just like to talk, and dance, and sing. Did I tell you that I liked to cook?” NURS 6630 Purdue Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Bipolar Therapy Case Discussion

She weights 110 lbs. and is 5’ 5”
SUBJECTIVE

Patient reports “fantastic” mood. Reports that she sleeps about 5 hours/night to which she adds “I hate sleep, it’s no fun.”

You reviewed her hospital records and find that she has been medically worked up by a physician who reported her to be in overall good health. Lab studies were all within normal limits. You find that the patient had genetic testing in the hospital (specifically GeneSight testing) as none of the medications that they were treating her with seemed to work.

Genetic testing reveals that she is positive for CYP2D6*10 allele.

Patient confesses that she stopped taking her lithium (which was prescribed in the hospital) since she was discharged two weeks ago.

MENTAL STATUS EXAM

The patient is alert, oriented to person, place, time, and event. She is dressed quite oddly- wearing what appears to be an evening gown to her appointment. Speech is rapid, pressured, tangential. Self-reported mood is euthymic. Affect broad. Patient denies visual or auditory hallucinations, no overt delusional or paranoid thought processes readily apparent. Judgment is grossly intact, but insight is clearly impaired. She is currently denying suicidal or homicidal ideation. NURS 6630 Purdue Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Bipolar Therapy Case Discussion

The Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) score is 22

RESOURCES

§ Chen, R., Wang, H., Shi, J., Shen, K., & Hu, P. (2015). Cytochrome P450 2D6 genotype affects the pharmacokinetics of controlled-release paroxetine in healthy Chinese subjects: comparison of traditional phenotype and activity score systems. European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 71(7), 835-841. doi:10.1007/s00228-015-1855-6

Decision Point One

Select what you should do:
  1. Begin Lithium 300 mg orally BID
  2. Begin Risperdal 1 mg orally BID
  3. Begin Seroquel XR 100 mg orally at HS

NURS 6630 Purdue Psychopharmalogical Approaches to Treat Bipolar Therapy Case Discussion Optional Resources

Mostafavi, A., Solhi, M., Mohammadi, M., Hamedi, M., Keshavarzi, M., & Akhondzadeh, S. (2014). Melatonin decreases olanzapine induced metabolic side-effects in adolescents with bipolar disorder: a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial. Acta Medica Iranica, 52(10), 734-739.

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