Provide a 1 page description of a stressful event currently occurring in your life.

Provide a 1 page description of a stressful event currently occurring in your life.

Provide a 1 page description of a stressful event currently occurring in your life.

Provide a 1-page description of a stressful event currently occurring in your life. Then, referring to information you learned throughout this course, address the following:

 

  • What physiological changes occur in the brain due to the stress response?
  • What emotional and cognitive effects might occur due to this stressful situation? Provide a 1 page description of a stressful event currently occurring in your life.
  • Would the above changes (physiological, cognitive, or emotional) be any different if the same stress were being experienced by a person of the opposite sex or someone much older or younger than you?
  • If the situation continues, how might your physical health be affected?
  • What three behavioral strategies would you implement to reduce the effects of this stressor? Describe each strategy. Explain how each behavior could cause changes in brain physiology (e.g., exercise can raise serotonin levels).
  • If you were encouraging an adult client to make the above changes, what ethical considerations would you have to keep in mind? How would you address those ethical considerations?

 

In addition to citing the online course and the text, you are also required to cite a minimum of two scholarly sources. Please see the Academic Resources section under Course Home to use the Argosy University online library to find appropriate scholarly sources. For reputable web sources, look for .gov or .edu sites as opposed to .com sites. Please do not use Wikipedia.

 

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    provide_a_1.docx

Provide a 1-page description of a stressful event currently occurring in your life. Then, referring to information you learned throughout this course, address the following:

· What physiological changes occur in the brain due to the stress response?

· What emotional and cognitive effects might occur due to this stressful situation?

· Would the above changes (physiological, cognitive, or emotional) be any different if the same stress were being experienced by a person of the opposite sex or someone much older or younger than you?

· If the situation continues, how might your physical health be affected?

· What three behavioral strategies would you implement to reduce the effects of this stressor? Describe each strategy. Explain how each behavior could cause changes in brain physiology (e.g., exercise can raise serotonin levels).

· If you were encouraging an adult client to make the above changes, what ethical considerations would you have to keep in mind? How would you address those ethical considerations?

In addition to citing the online course and the text, you are also required to cite a minimum of two scholarly sources. Please see the Academic Resources section under Course Home to use the Argosy University online library to find appropriate scholarly sources. For reputable web sources, look for .gov or .edu sites as opposed to .com sites. Please do not use Wikipedia.

Your paper should be double-spaced, in 12-point Times New Roman font, and with normal 1-inch margins; written in APA style; and free of typographical and grammatical errors. It should include a title page with a running head, an abstract, and a reference page. The body of the paper should be at least 6 pages in length

 

 

 

 

 

Stress hormones increase blood pressure and have various other effects on the body that might not be adaptive over long periods.

Selye proposed the concept of the general adaptation syndrome to account for the effect of stress on the body

Currently, there are two primary systems for the classification of psychological disorders—The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) (American Psychiatric Association, 2013), and The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD) (World Health Organization, 1992).

Major depressive disorder is characterized by a lowering of mood, energy, and activity that results in significant distress or impairment in life. There is much research focusing on imbalances in the monoamine neurotransmitters (dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin) in people suffering from depressive disorders

In the brain, the amygdala and the anterior cingulate cortex show structural and functional abnormalities in people with depression. Provide a 1 page description of a stressful event currently occurring in your life.

Bipolar disorder is characterized by an extremely elevated mood with increases in activity and energy (manic phase) followed by an equally low mood with decreases in activity and energy (depressive phase), resulting in significant distress or impairment. Typically, in people with bipolar disorder, the higher their manic phase, the lower the successive depressive phase will be

Anxiety disorders such as panic disorder, specific phobias, and social anxiety disorder feature a heightened autonomic nervous system response that is above and beyond what would be considered normal when faced with the object or situation that the person reacts to. Provide a 1 page description of a stressful event currently occurring in your life.

In general, anxiety disorders have been linked to underactive gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the brain, resulting in overexcitability of the amygdala and the anterior cingulate cortex. Additionally, genetic research shows that anxiety disorders demonstrate a clear pattern of genetic predisposition

Obsessive compulsive disorder is characterized by repetitive thoughts and behaviors that result in significant distress or impairment in life. Common obsession and compulsion pairings include contamination/washing, harm/checking, and perfectionism/ordering and hoarding. There is much research demonstrating the genetic inheritance of obsessive–compulsive disorder. While early research showed that dopamine and serotonin are involved in obsessive–compulsive disorder, recent research suggests that glutamate may also play an important role in the disorder. Obsessive–compulsive disorder seems to be mediated by overactivity in the orbitofrontal cortex

Medications for psychological disorders are often categorized by function:

· Some medications tend to decrease psychotic experiences, such as hearing voices and delusional thinking. These medications are called antipsychotics, and we discussed them in the earlier modules’ lectures.

· Antidepressants are medications that reduce depression.

· Mood stabilizers are also frequently used for patients who experience depression and periodic emotional highs.

Antianxiety drugs reduce panic and anxiety. These medications are used together with psychotherapy or counseling. But, sometimes, these drugs are used by themselves.

Counseling is also recommended as a treatment for most psychological disorders, either alone or in conjunction with pharmacotherapy. While access to mental health care has been limited in the past, the Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act, which went into effect in January 2010, has reduced barriers for those covered by group health insurance plans (US Department of Health and Human Services, 2010

fear has three important qualities: It is the easiest emotion to infer from behavior in various species; it plays an important adaptive function in motivating the avoidance of threatening situations; and chronic fear induces stress.

(Pinel 443)

Pinel, John P. Biopsychology, 8th Edition. Pearson Learning Solutions, 10/2010. VitalBook file.

It was apparent that the damage to Gage’s brain affected both medial prefrontal lobes, which we now know are involved in planning and emotion (see Machado & Bachevalier, 2006; Vogt, 2005).

(Pinel 443-444)