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Self-Esteem And Prejudice

Self-Esteem And Prejudice

Self-Esteem And Prejudice

Throughout the semester, we have discussed the role of self-esteem in creating prejudiced attitudes and thinking.  On one hand, many personality theorists (e.g., Adorno et al., 1950) argue that hatred and hostility toward outgroups are a result of low self-esteem.  That is, people with a negative self-image have a need to disparage outgroups as a way to increase their own sense of self-worth.

On the other hand, a number of cognitive theorists (e.g., Tajfel & Turner, 1986) contend that prejudice is tied to high self-esteem.  Specifically, a favorable self-image may lead people to assume that the groups of which they are members are superior to other groups in society.  Thus, the question:  Is it low or high self-esteem that is most responsible for prejudice?  Or, is self-esteem even related to prejudice at all?  What do you think? Self-Esteem And Prejudice



Our image of ourselves is our self esteem.  It is the worth be place on our personal feelings and capabilities.  For example, if we believe our opinions and actions are well deserving then we have good self-esteem; if on the other hand, we view our personal feelings, opinions, and abilities as of little value, then we have poor self-esteem.

Our success in all areas of our lives, including school, requires taking risks of various kinds and in a variety of situations. How well we feel about ourselves influences how willing we are to take such risks; hence, achieve our desires and fulfill our ambitions resulting in personal life satisfactions.

  • Taylor, S. E. (2012). Health Psychology(8th ed.). New York: McGraw Hill. Self-Esteem And Prejudice

Self-esteem relates to how much value we place on our desires and ability. This article describes what personal valuing means.

    • How can self-esteem help us cope with academic study?
  1. THESIS:

Steptoe, A., & Marmot, M. (2003). Burden of psychological adversity and vulnerability in middle age: Associations with biobehavioral risk factors and quality of life. Psychosomatic Medicine, 68      Good self-esteem means having balanced moods, fostering better health habits, and enjoying a fuller lifestyle.  More specially, good self-esteem can help us manage the stresses of study challenges such as taking exams, being more co-operative with colleagues, and willingness to accept greater study risks.

  1. BODY
  • Taking Exams
    • Schneider, F. W., Gruman, J. A., & Coutts, L. M. (Eds.). (2012). Applied Social Psychology: Understanding and addressing social and practical problems(2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.

There are many sources that generate stress for individuals, when individuals feel adequately equipment to manage the challenges they face, they are more likely to feel good about themselves and select appropriate responses to emerging situations such as an exam

  • Shimizu, M., & Pelham. B. W. (2004). The unconscious cost of good fortune: Implicit and explicit self-esteem, positive life events, and health. Health Psychology, 23.  Self-Esteem And Prejudice

This includes a  study of students who were about to take an exam at school, and found that the students with high self-esteem were less likely to respond to stress by getting upset.

  • Being more co-operative with others

This Australian case study of a Communication Technology Company demonstrates how co-operative initiatives in the workplace can have a positive impact on stress reduction.  It shows a significant impact on job satisfaction from supportive actions with managers and how the relationship of this to employee experience of stress and cooperation. It also suggests culture as a significant factor in this dynamic as well. Self-Esteem And Prejudice

  • Willingness to accept great study risks
  • Schneider, F. W., Gruman, J. A., & Coutts, L. M. (Eds.). (2012). Applied Social Psychology: Understanding and addressing social and practical problems (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.

How much the amount of worth we place on own desires, ambitions and capabilities determines how well we manage the uncertainties with new circumstances Self-Esteem And Prejudice

  • Creswell, J. D., Welch, W. T., Taylor, S. E., Sherman, D. K., Gruenewald, T., Mann, T. (2005). Affirmation of personal values buffers neuroendocrine and psychological stress responses. Psychological Science, 16.

Self esteem can be developed by improving the way individuals manage demanding circumstances.   Creswell et al controlled study demonstrated how the influence on the importance student self-concept had on them physiologically in performing arithmetic tasks. The results of this experiment showed that the people who had a stronger self-concept showed how they had less physiological stress reactions.  Self-Esteem And Prejudice