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Total Quality Management, Journey To Excellence, Continuous Quality/Process Improvement, And Ethical Issues.

Total Quality Management, Journey To Excellence, Continuous Quality/Process Improvement, And Ethical Issues.

Total Quality Management, Journey To Excellence, Continuous Quality/Process Improvement, And Ethical Issues.

Topic 3 DQ 1

Patient Self-Determination Act (PSDA) provides patients the right to actively participate in their care. A patient can have a written legal document or verbal statement voicing what their wishes are. Ethics committees provide ethical consultation when there is a need. They are assigned to consider, debate, study, take action on, or report on ethical issues that arise in patient care (Hajibabee et al., 2016). They are also responsible for educating staff and patients on ethical matters. Another function of the hospital ethics committee is to revise and review hospital policies and guidelines to simplify their goals and services and review all ethical consults (Hajibabee et al., 2016). When considering an advance directive, the hospital ethics committee will gather all required information and have a discussion with the patient to assure the patient’s wishes and the organization’s policies are met, and all party’s understanding is the same (Hajibabee et al., 2016). Another role of the ethics committee is to intervene When conflicts arise between the advance directive and the wishes of the patient’s surrogate. The attending physician should seek assistance from an ethics committee or other appropriate institutional resources (American Medical Association, 2021).


The Patient Self-Determination Act (PSDA) was implemented to allow patients to state “Do Not Resuscitate” (DNS), or to assign a surrogate decision maker in the event that the individual is unable to make the decision. What relationship does an ethics committee have in enforcing the advance directives of the patients in their care? Support your analysis with a minimum of one peer-reviewed article.

Using 200-300 words APA format with at least two references . There should be a mix between research and your reflections.  Add critical thinking in the posts along with research. Apply the material in a substantial way.


You must proofread your paper. But do not strictly rely on your computer’s spell-checker and grammar-checker; failure to do so indicates a lack of effort on your part and you can expect your grade to suffer accordingly. Papers with numerous misspelled words and grammatical mistakes will be penalized. Read over your paper – in silence and then aloud – before handing it in and make corrections as necessary. Often it is advantageous to have a friend proofread your paper for obvious errors. Handwritten corrections are preferable to uncorrected mistakes.

Use a standard 10 to 12 point (10 to 12 characters per inch) typeface. Smaller or compressed type and papers with small margins or single-spacing are hard to read. It is better to let your essay run over the recommended number of pages than to try to compress it into fewer pages.

Likewise, large type, large margins, large indentations, triple-spacing, increased leading (space between lines), increased kerning (space between letters), and any other such attempts at “padding” to increase the length of a paper are unacceptable, wasteful of trees, and will not fool your professor.

The paper must be neatly formatted, double-spaced with a one-inch margin on the top, bottom, and sides of each page. When submitting hard copy, be sure to use white paper and print out using dark ink. If it is hard to read your essay, it will also be hard to follow your argument.