Which of the following was not discussed as one of the three key elements of the scientific attitude

Which of the following was not discussed as one of the three key elements of the scientific attitude

Which of the following was not discussed as one of the three key elements of the scientific attitude

Part1 (cHAPTER 1)

QUESTION 1

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Which of the following was not discussed as one of the three key elements of the scientific attitude?

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    dual processing
    curiosity
    skepticism
    humility

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10 points   

QUESTION 2

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How has psychology’s focus changed over time?

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    We have gone from defining psychology as the “science of mental life” to defining psychology as “the science of behavior and mental processes”.
    We used to only study what went wrong, but now we only study what we can do to make things go right (i.e. positive psychology).
    We used to just focus on people, but now we study animals and plants as well.

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10 points   

QUESTION 3

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Critical thinking refers to…

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    the inclusion of biology, psychology, and social processes
    exploring human strengths as well as weaknesses
    operating with a two-track mind
    challenging our beliefs

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10 points   

QUESTION 4

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Dual processing refers to…

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    the interaction of biology and social elements in psychology
    studying both human strengths and weaknesses
    the idea that we process information on both conscious and unconscious tracks at the same time

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10 points   

QUESTION 5

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Psychological theories are…

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    explanations using principles that organize observations and predict events
    predictions that can be tested
    a process of validation, rejection or revision

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10 points   

QUESTION 6

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Psychological hypotheses are…

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    explanations that organize observations and predict events
    predictions that can be tested
    validation, rejection or revision

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10 points   

QUESTION 7

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Which variable do researchers manipulate?

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    confounding variable
    independent variable
    extraneous variable
    dependent variable

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10 points   

QUESTION 8

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Which of the following is the name for preexisting differences between groups in psychological research?

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    extraneous variables
    independent variables
    dependent variables
    confounding variables

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10 points   

QUESTION 9

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What group monitors research at institutions such as Valpo to ensure ethical guidelines are followed?

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    the APA ethics board
    the National Institute for Mental Health
    the Institutional Review Board

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Part2 (chapter6)

QUESTION 1

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Learning is defined as…

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    acquiring mental information
    responding to stimuli in the environment
    acquiring new and relatively enduring information

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10 points   

QUESTION 2

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When we learn to consciously associate certain events and thereby learn something new, we have experienced…

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    classical conditioning
    cognitive learning
    operant learning

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10 points   

QUESTION 3

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Extinction in classical conditioning occurs when…

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    there is diminished resonding
    a response is triggered by a similar stimulus
     a response occurs again after a rest period
    when the NS is presented before the CS

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10 points   

QUESTION 4

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If we pair a neutral stimulus with a unconditioned stimulus and get a conditioned response, we are experiencing…

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    operant conditioning
    classical conditioning
    modeling

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10 points   

QUESTION 5

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When we learn because some behavior is reinforced or punished, we have experienced…

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    operant conditioning
    classical conditioning
    modeling

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10 points   

QUESTION 6

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Negative reinforcers…

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    remove a negative stimulus from the environment
    add a desirable stimulus to the environment
    introduces an undesirable consequence
    withdraws a desirable consequence

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10 points   

QUESTION 7

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The purpose of positive reinforcement is to…

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    increase the likelihood of a particular response
    decrease the likelihood of a particular response

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10 points   

QUESTION 8

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The purpose of negative reinforcement is to…

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    increase the likelihood of a particular response
    decrease the likelihood of a particular response

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10 points   

QUESTION 9

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Observational learning allows us to learn by vicarious reinforcement or vicarious punishment.

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True

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False

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10 points   

QUESTION 10

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The existence of mirror neurons has been irrefutably (absolutely) demonstrated.

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True

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False